Scott Schoeneweis' name was first publicly tied to the steroid scandal in a 2007 TV report. It claimed the pitcher had received six steroid shipments from 2003 to 2004. Schoenewis denied any knowledge of the pharmacy that had reportedly sent the drugs. In a later meeting with the Commissioner's office, Schoeneweis said he had used steroids to treat testicular cancer but that his teams were aware of the medical reasons for his use and that the levels used were within the limits established by the collective bargaining agreement. Officials determined there was insufficient evidence of a violation to warrant discipline.
At least one studio made a conscious effort to keep its leading man squeaky clean. Before Cavill began his grueling five-month preproduction training for Steel , Warner Bros. requested a list of exactly what the training team might ask Cavill to use. Twight gladly complied, given that he believes radical body recomposition can be done naturally when it is guided by experienced trainers and driven by discipline and commitment. For Cavill, Twight recommended only Udo's Oil (a blend of essential fatty acids) and magnesium to aid sleep, the time when growth hormone occurs naturally.
Steroids can have long-lasting and sometimes irreversible side effects on the body. Anabolic steroids have been linked to increased cholesterol, stroke and blood clots, urinary and bowel problems, and problems with the musculoskeletal system. Since steroids are a hormone, much like testosterone, the effects on sex characteristics can be far reaching, causing a kind of hyper-masculinity in young men. They can also cause male-pattern baldness and shrinking of the testicles. The excess of testosterone can also have feminizing effects on young men, such as breast development. (Jerry Adler, 2004)